Using interprofessional education to build dynamic teams to help drive collaborative, coordinated and effective newborn care.

Vie, 24/11/2023 - 16:06
BACKGROUND: As countries strive to achieve sustainable development goal 3.2, high-quality medical education is crucial for high-quality neonatal care. Women are encouraged to deliver in health units attended by a skilled team. Traditionally, the team is doctors and nurses, but they are members of a large group of interdependent experts from other disciplines. Each discipline trains separately, yet the goal of good neonatal care is common to all. The use of interprofessional education breaks down these professional silos improving collaborative practice and promoting excellent clinical care. Introduction of new educational materials and training requires a rigorous approach to ensure sustainability. METHODS: An extensive needs assessment identified gaps in neonatal training. Specifically, there was a lack of inclusion of medical devices used in clinical care. In each country, national key stakeholders came together to develop and revise their own neonatal curricula, trainings or guidelines. A core writing education team were tasked to develop evidence-based materials on pertinent medical devices to include in these national materials. These then underwent internal and external review. A provider course for biomedical engineers and technicians was introduced. Skills labs were established to improve practical skills teaching. To improve the quality of teaching, a NEST360 generic instructors course (GIC) was developed. RESULTS: Twenty modules, 14 scenarios, 17 job aids and 34 videos have been published to date. Materials have been embedded into neonatal curricula and national trainings. Forty-one skills labs were installed in pre-service learning institutions and, up to June 2022, have been used by 7281 students. Pre- and in-service interprofessional training was implemented at all NEST360 institutions (clinical and biomedical). GIC courses were conducted at least twice a year in all countries. Three hundred seventeen nurses, biomedical and clinical staff have undertaken the GIC in all four countries. GIC participants report that the course has very positively influenced their teaching practice. CONCLUSIONS: Inclusion of key stakeholders throughout has ensured training is embedded within the four countries. Use of interprofessional education and inclusion of biomedical engineers and technicians has been very successful. Introduction of the GIC has developed a pool of high-quality educators for neonatal care. This approach has ensured that high-quality interprofessional neonatal training is included within national agendas for neonatal care and beyond.

Laboratório de inovação em saúde (lis): propiciando a integração regional para a formação multiprofissional em saúde

Vie, 24/11/2023 - 16:06
Introdução: Este estudo contextualiza a criação do Laboratório de Inovação na Saúde (LIS), estabelecido para integrar as entidades gestoras regionais de saúde e educação, de um estado no sul do Brasil. Considerando que inovação em saúde seja uma novidade funcional que provoca uma mudança transformadora e durável produzindo resultados significativos para a gestão do setor público. Objetivo: relatar a criação de uma organização intersetorial visando à formação profissional em saúde. Metodologia: Foram realizados encontros entre as instituições de ensino superior públicas e privadas e órgãos gestores regionais. Os encontros visaram ao aprofundamento teórico acerca da temática e a construção dos roteiros para nortear a formação profissional em saúde e educação. Resultados: Constataram-se avanços nas propostas de ações setoriais integradas das atividades, que inicialmente estimulam a implementação deste modelo aprimorando a formação dos profissionais na perspectiva da sistematização da assistência no contexto da saúde pública. Conclusão: a mobilização das pessoas e instituições foi de grande valia para a consolidação de um modelo para a formação de profissionais no setor da saúde. Introduction: This study contextualizes the creation of the Health Innovation Laboratory (LIS), established to integrate regional health and education management entities, in a state in southern Brazil. Considering that innovation in health is a functional novelty that causes transformative and durable change, producing significant results for public sector management. Objective: to report the creation of an intersectoral organization aimed at professional training in health. Methodology: Meetings were held between public and private higher education institutions and regional management bodies. The meetings aimed to deepen the theory on the topic and the construction of scripts to guide professional training in health and education. Results: Advances were noted in the proposals for integrated sectoral actions of activities, which initially stimulate the implementation of this model by improving the training of professionals from the perspective of systematizing care in the context of public health. Conclusion: the mobilization of people and institutions was of great value in consolidating a model for training professionals in the health sector. Introducción: Este estudio contextualiza la creación del Laboratorio de Innovación en Salud (LIS), creado para integrar entidades regionales de gestión de salud y educación, en un estado del sur de Brasil. Considerando que la innovación en salud es una novedad funcional que provoca cambios transformadores y duraderos, produciendo resultados significativos para la gestión del sector público. Objetivo: informar la creación de una organización intersectorial orientada a la formación profesional en salud. Metodología: Se realizaron reuniones entre instituciones de educación superior públicas y privadas y órganos de gestión regional. Los encuentros tuvieron como objetivo profundizar la comprensión teórica del tema y la construcción de guiones que orienten la formación profesional en salud y educación. Resultados: Se observaron avances en las propuestas de acciones sectoriales integradas de actividades, que inicialmente estimulan la implementación de este modelo, mejorando la formación de profesionales en la perspectiva de la sistematización de la atención en el contexto de la salud pública. Conclusión: la movilización de personas e instituciones fue de gran valor para consolidar un modelo de formación de profesionales del sector salud.

Framing asynchronous interprofessional education: a qualitative study on medical, physiotherapy and nursing students.

Dom, 12/11/2023 - 10:42
Objectives: To explore how virtual, asynchronous modules can be used in interprofessional health education curricula and to identify any advantages and shortcomings of asynchronous interprofessional education. Methods: A sample of 27 health professional students who attended in-person interprofessional education workshops at the McMaster Centre for Simulation-Based Learning from 2019-2020 were recruited through email discourse. Participants were asked to complete an asynchronous interprofessional education module and take part in a semi-structured interview that was recorded and transcribed verbatim. Techniques of direct content analysis were used to analyze the qualitative data from recorded transcripts. Results: The following emergent themes from participants' responses were identified: 1) the modules, as well as the features interspersed throughout, taught strategies for conflict resolution and interprofessional communication, 2) the modules have utility in preparing students for future interprofessional learning, 3) the convenience of virtual asynchronous modules introduces a sense of learner safety, and 4) a sense of isolation and fatigue was identified as a consequence of the lack of face-to-face interaction in these modules. Conclusion: Asynchronous interprofessional education modules may be best suited to prepare students for future interprofessional learning in a synchronous setting. Asynchronous modules effectively provide an introduction to interprofessional objectives such as conflict resolution and role clarification, yet the competency of team functioning is more difficult to achieve in an asynchronous environment. Future studies may focus on establishing a sequence of completing asynchronous modules for ideal development of interprofessional competencies in health professions learners.

Escaping the Silos: Utilization of a Pediatric Trauma Escape Room to Promote Interprofessional Education and Collaboration.

Sáb, 11/11/2023 - 01:40
BACKGROUND: Millions of children are treated annually for trauma-related injuries but comprise a smaller proportion of emergency department visits than adults. As a result, emergency department teams may not have the knowledge, skills, and confidence to care for pediatric patients, and specialty teams may not interact enough as an interprofessional team to provide high-quality patient care. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this project is to describe a novel interprofessional simulation-based education initiative to assist pediatric trauma team readiness. METHODS: An escape room was designed to provide an interactive educational environment focused on pediatric trauma education. Using an interprofessional dyad of a trauma nursing specialist and a pediatric nursing expert, the escape room was designed as a series of clues to improve pediatric skills and interprofessional collaboration between specialty teams. The escape room training was conducted (from February to March, 2023) in a large Southeastern U.S. Level II adult trauma center. RESULTS: Twenty-one registered nurses from different specialty teams participated in the simulation exercises with overwhelmingly positive feedback. Colleagues reported this was a unique way to deliver education that resulted in innovative team building and enriched collegiality between the specialty teams. CONCLUSIONS: The escape room educational format was positively received, and future events are planned across disciplines and various topics. Trauma centers with lower pediatric volumes seeking to provide engaging team-based education may use this format as a unique and innovative way to develop teams for clinical success.

Interprofessional Education in NAACLS MLT and MLS Programs: Results of a National Survey.

Sáb, 11/11/2023 - 01:40
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education is essential for students enrolled in health care professional programs. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the attitudes towards and the beliefs about interprofessional education (IPE) among program directors of medical laboratory science (MLS) and medical laboratory technician (MLT) programs accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS). We also investigated the inclusion of IPE in the curricula of such programs. METHODS: We emailed the link to an anonymous 22-item cross-sectional survey to 468 program directors and tabulated the responses. RESULTS: Program directors who support the need to include IPE within the curricula of MLT and MLS programs showed a generally positive attitude towards IPE. The beliefs about IPE among our respondents were not homogeneous. Program directors who have not yet implemented IPE in the curriculum may not have had an opportunity to experience the practical benefits of IPE. CONCLUSION: Although barriers to IPE implementation exist, half of the respondents reported having already implemented IPE within their curricula.

Interprofessional education.

Mié, 08/11/2023 - 13:36

Residências Multiprofissionais em Saúde como cenários de implementação da educação interprofissional

Mié, 08/11/2023 - 13:36
Este trabalho analisa as Residências Multiprofissionais em Saúde, com o objetivo de identificar de que maneira os programas financiados pelo Ministério da Saúde, a partir da Portaria Interministerial 1.077 de 2009, encontram-se distribuídos pelo país. Realizou-se uma pesquisa documental exploratória utilizando editais e portarias publicados pelo Ministério da Saúde, através da Secretaria de Gestão do Trabalho e da Educação em Saúde em conjunto com o Ministério da Educação, através da Secretaria de Educação Superior. A análise foi dividida em três momentos: distribuição dos programas de Residência Multiprofissional em Saúde de acordo com as regiões brasileiras, com as áreas de concentração consideradas pelo Ministério da Saúde como prioritárias para o Sistema Único de Saúde e com as instituições proponentes. Ao longo da escrita, os aspectos históricos das Residências Multiprofissionais em Saúde são revisitados desde a década de 70, até sua configuração como parte integrante da Política Nacional de Gestão da Educação na Saúde. São discutidos os elementos que permeiam a implementação das Residências Multiprofissionais em Saúde, como a concepção de atenção integral à saúde, o trabalho em equipe multiprofissional e a formação em serviço, além de questões relativas ao seu financiamento, à sua institucionalização e à sua inserção na Política Nacional de Educação Permanente em Saúde. As Residências Multiprofissionais em Saúde são consideradas como potenciais indutoras de transformação dos processos de educação e de trabalho vigentes na saúde, trazendo à discussão a importância de sua legitimação e consolidação como peça fundamental de uma política de formação voltada para o Sistema Único de Saúde. (AU) The complex health demands of contemporary society require the construction of a professional profile and a more integrated health workforce. Interprofessional Education (IPE) for patient-centered collaborative practice has been globally recognized as a strategy capable of fostering changes in training and improving health outcomes. Guided by the teaching-service-community integration and training for teamwork, seeking to overcome the trend of isolated and fragmented professional performance, the Multiprofessional Residency in Health (RMS) constitutes a modality of in-service education that favors the development of interprofessionals collaborative skills. This thesis aimed to analyze the educational context of RMS programs from the perspective of EIP and collaborative practices in health. For this, a multi-method, exploratory and descriptive study of multiple cases was carried out between March and November 2020, with 86 actors from three RMS programs in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Data were collected through bibliographic research on the theme of EIP in the RMS; documentary analysis of the political-pedagogical projects (PPP) of the programs; online survey and application of the Jefferson Scale of Attitudes Related to Interprofessional Collaboration (EJARCI) to residents and tutors; and semi-structured online interviews with course coordinators. The analysis and combination of data were guided by the theoretical-methodological framework of the EIP. The publications found in the bibliographic research are mostly experience reports that evaluated the impacts of adopting EIP strategies, studies on the perception of residents about interprofessional performance, and PPP analyses. From the documental analysis, it was verified that the PPP of the three RMS programs are close to the EIP precepts, but they do not present a standardized structure oriented to the development of interprofessional competences. The EJARCI analysis showed a favorable attitude towards the interprofessional collaboration of all actors, with no statistical differences between the studied variables. The survey and interviews indicated that the RMS are configured as powerful educational scenarios for the acquisition of collaborative skills, as they promote communication and knowledge exchange between different professionals from integrative activities and contextual teaching methodologies that aim care integrality. The barriers that limit the success of EIP in the RMS could be mitigated through the qualification of teachers and tutors, reorganization of the workload of residents, deepening the use of interactive methodologies, greater interaction with medical residency, and diversification of scenarios and activities that promote interprofessional integration. (AU)

The perceived impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on interprofessional education and collaborative practice: preliminary results from phase I of a global survey.

Dom, 05/11/2023 - 13:31
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a sizable effect on interprofessional education and collaborative practice (IPECP) globally, yet much of the available literature on the topic remains anecdotal and locally bounded. This body of literature reflects celebratory and aspirational reports, with many case studies of successful response and perseverance under conditions of extreme pressure. There is, however, a more worrisome narrative emerging that pointed to differences in pandemic response with concerns raised about the sustainability of IPECP during and after the pandemic. The COVID-19 task force of InterprofessionalResearch.Global (IPRGlobal) set out to capture the successes and challenges of the interprofessional community over the pandemic through a longitudinal survey, with a view to inform global attempts at recovery and resilience. In this article, we report preliminary findings from Phase 1 of the survey. Phase 1 of the survey was sent to institutions/organizations in IPRGlobal (representing over 50 countries from Europe, North and South America, Australia, and Africa). The country-level response rate was over 50%. Key opportunities and challenges include the abrupt digitalization of collaborative learning and practice; de-prioritization of interprofessional education (IPE); and rise in interprofessional collaborative spirit. Implications for IPECP pedagogy, research, and policy post-pandemic are considered.

Discussion-based interprofessional education: A positive step toward promoting shared understanding between surgical residents and nurses.

Dom, 05/11/2023 - 13:31
Interprofessional education during medical training may improve communication by promoting collaboration and the development of shared mental models between professions. We implemented a novel discussion-based intervention for surgical residents and nurses to promote mutual understanding of workflows and communication practices. General surgery residents and inpatient nurses from our institution were recruited to participate. Surveys and paging data were collected prior to and following the intervention. Surveys contained original questions and validated subscales. Interventions involved facilitated discussions about workflows, perceptions of urgency, and technology preferences. Discussions were recorded and transcribed for qualitative content analysis. Pre and post-intervention survey responses were compared with descriptive sample statistics. Group characteristics were compared using Fisher's exact tests. Eleven intervention groups were conducted (2-6 participants per group) (n = 38). Discussions achieved three aims: Information-Sharing (learning about each other's workflows and preferences), 2) Interpersonal Relationship-Building (establishing rapport and fostering empathy) and 3) Interventional Brainstorming (discussing strategies to mitigate communication challenges). Post-intervention surveys revealed improved nurse-reported grasp of resident schedules and tailoring of communication methods based on workflow understanding; however, communication best practices remain limited by organizational and technological constraints. Systems-level changes must be prioritized to allow intentions toward collegial communication to thrive.

Patient safety interprofessional education program using medical error scenarios for undergraduate nursing and medical students in Korea.

Dom, 05/11/2023 - 13:31
Interprofessional education (IPE) for patient safety is becoming increasingly important worldwide. However, Korea lacks a systematic approach toward patient safety, despite the high demand for teamwork and patient communication education. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of a patient safety IPE program using medical error scenarios. The program was developed to enhance patient safety motivation and interprofessional learning attitudes among medical and nursing students, and evaluate the design of the program and students' satisfaction levels. The program comprises two modules, each consisting of lectures, team-based case analysis, role-play, and high-fidelity simulation activities. This study followed a quasi-experimental pre-post test design to determine program outcomes. An online survey for the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS), patient safety motivation, program design evaluation, and program satisfaction was conducted before and after the program. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, paired sample t-tests, and Pearson's correlation. The pre-post RIPLS and patient safety results were significant (t = -5.21, p < .001;t = -3.20, p = .002). The results of the medical scenario examination of the patient safety IPE program showed improved motivation for patient safety among students, and contributed to the improvement of IPE learning attitudes by improving team work and collaboration.

Evidence of successful interprofessional education programs-models, barriers, facilitators and success: a systematic review of European studies.

Vie, 03/11/2023 - 05:27
PURPOSE: Interprofessional education (IPE) has been highly promoted as a means of enhancing interprofessional practice and thereby having a positive impact on healthcare systems and patient outcomes. Various documents mention that sufficient evidence has been accumulated to demonstrate the effectiveness of IPE, yet it is not completely clear what type of evidence is being alluded to. The objective of this review was to gather evidence about IPE programs that resulted in effective long-term outcomes in healthcare. Secondary outcomes included identification of the types of models that met the success criteria, barriers and facilitators of such successful programs if any. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL and Scopus. The review considered studies that targeted undergraduate and postgraduate students among more than one health profession and included those in the English language published between 2010 and end of 2020. FINDINGS: Five studies have been identified and described in this review. These papers evaluated different IPE programs and models. RESEARCH LIMITATIONS/IMPLICATIONS: 1. This systematic review investigated the evidence of the existence of IPE programs and the findings show there is no robust specific evidence of long-term impact on healthcare and on patients' outcomes. 2. The conclusion from this review is that it is still unclear what format constitutes a successful and efficient program. 3. Appropriate longitudinal studies need to be designed to identify the impact of IPE on long-term health outcomes. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: Overall, the studies show that although there is an emphasis on practice-based learning, there is no robust specific evidence of long-term impact on healthcare and on patients' outcomes. Appropriate longitudinal studies need to be designed to identify the impact of IPE on long-term health outcomes.

El entrenamiento como forma de actualización docente en la Licenciatura en Imaginología y Radiofísica Médica

Vie, 03/11/2023 - 05:27
El desarrollo alcanzado en los servicios de salud demanda la mejora en la superación profesional de los docentes de la Licenciatura en Imaginología y Radiofísica Médica. Esta exigencia requiere la profesionalización en los modos de actuación de la profesión. Su actualización en los contenidos acerca de los principios físicos, anatomía humana, semiología radiológica, en esencia, así como sus habilidades prácticas durante la educación en el trabajo, son imprescindibles. Este trabajo tiene como propósito presentar la concepción del entrenamiento como una forma de profesionalización docente para la actualización de los contenidos. Se presenta la estructura del entrenamiento para la profesionalización del docente en la Licenciatura en Imaginología y Radiofísica Médica y la concepción pedagógica sobre el entrenamiento para su organización y aplicación en los docentes de esta carrera en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Cienfuegos. The development achieved in the health services demands the teachers Degree in Medical Imaging and Radiophysics' professional improvement. This demand requires professionalization in the action modes. Its updating in physical principles, human anatomy, radiological semiology, as well as its practical skills during education at work, are essential. The purpose of this paper is to present the conception of training as a form of teacher professionalization for content updating. The training structure for the teacher's professionalization in the Medical Imaging and Radiophysics Degree and the training pedagogical conception for its organization and application in this career's teachers at the Cienfuegos Medical Sciences University are presented.

Development of a pilot interprofessional education workshop for healthcare students and assessment of interprofessional collaborative competency attainment.

Vie, 03/11/2023 - 05:27
We describe the development and student evaluation of a collaborative health service provider and higher education institution initiative designed to deliver an Interprofessional Education (IPE) pilot workshop program for healthcare students. The aim was to investigate whether an IPE workshop would result in improved student confidence in self-reported interprofessional competencies using the Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Scale (ICCAS) tool. The workshops involved interprofessional student groups working on a patient case followed by a facilitator-led discussion and patient representative interaction. There were three different voluntary, extra-curricular workshops. A total of 99 students registered, from 3rd to 5th year undergraduate and 2nd year graduate entry healthcare programs at a single Irish university in February 2022. Ninety-three post-workshop survey responses showed statistically significant improvements in the ICCAS subscales of Communication, Collaboration, Roles and Responsibilities, Collaborative Patient/Family-Centered Approach, and Team Functioning; Conflict Management showed less change. Students reported positively on the benefit of the patient representative, the workshop format, and the opportunity to collaborate with students from other professions. Our findings indicate that this was a beneficial and effective way to deliver IPE across a range of healthcare professions that led to improvements in self-reported interprofessional competencies.

An exploration of perceptions of online asynchronous and synchronous interprofessional education facilitation strategies.

Vie, 03/11/2023 - 05:27
Interprofessional education (IPE) has increasingly been delivered online using synchronous and asynchronous mediums; however, little research focuses on facilitation strategies in the synchronous environment. We explored whether the perceived strategies used by facilitators in online synchronous IPE facilitation are similar to those used in face-to-face and online asynchronous IPE facilitation, and if the strategies are used to a similar degree online in both synchronous and asynchronous environments. Following completion of an online IPE course, students and facilitators were invited to complete an anonymous questionnaire exploring their perceptions of the facilitation strategies used in their synchronous and asynchronous IPE experiences. Responses were received from 118 students and 21 facilitators. Descriptive statistics indicate that students and facilitators perceived facilitation strategies are being used in online synchronous settings that have previously been recognized in asynchronous and face-to-face IPE settings. This included strategies linked to communicating about the design/organization of the experience, providing direct instruction, facilitating and encouraging interprofessional interaction, and contextualizing IPE. Wilcoxon Signed-Rank tests demonstrated a perception that these strategies were being used to a greater extent in the synchronous than asynchronous environment. This knowledge is useful to further refine the training of online IPE facilitators in both synchronous and asynchronous settings.

Perceptions of academic deans regarding interprofessional education and its implementation in dental colleges in India: results of a national survey.

Vie, 03/11/2023 - 05:27
This national survey was conducted to assess perceptions and status of implementation of interprofessional education in dental colleges in India. An online link to the questionnaire survey was sent to Deans and Academic Deans of those dental colleges having more than one health profession institute on the same campus. The response rate was 47%. Dental colleges' primary collaborative partner was a medical faculty (46%), with the majority of IPE experiences occurring in post-graduation (58%). Lectures (54%), case-based discussions (64%) were reported to be predominant teaching-learning methods, while written exams (40%), small group participation, and group projects (30%) were predominant assessment methods of IPE experiences. Seventy-six percent responded that there are no faculty development initiatives for IPE while 20% responded that IPE is at planning/developmental stage and 38% responded that IPE is not considered presently. Faculty resistance (32%), academic calendars, and schedule (34%) were pointed out to be the most common barriers to implementing IPE. The findings revealed that although the concept and importance of IPE were well perceived by Academic Deans throughout dental colleges in India, and although dental colleges' co-existed with other faculties on same campus, IPE was not systematically implemented with minimal formal interprofessional education involving dental students.

Educación Interprofesional en Salud en el contexto neoliberal: incongruencias y desafíos

Vie, 03/11/2023 - 05:27
Resumen Se trata de un artículo crítico y reflexivo que pretende discutir algunas de las incoherencias e incompatibilidades estructurales del modelo propuesto para la formación y atención en salud denominado Educación Interprofesional y Práctica Colaborativa (EIPC), en el contexto de racionalidad neoliberal de los países latinoamericanos. Se destaca cómo este modelo puede contestar dicha racionalidad, siendo relevante para la instauración de subjetividades profesionales críticas y éticas con su contexto. De esta manera se pretende contribuir a la creciente literatura sobre perspectivas críticas de la formación y el trabajo en salud. Abstract This article addresses the new approach to training and healthcare work referred to as Interprofessional Education and Collaborative Practice (IECP). It focuses on some of the inconsistencies and structural incompatibilities of the model with the broader context of neoliberal rationality, with an emphasis on Latin-American countries. We suggest that IECP can contest such rationality and, in fact, develop a critical professional ethic. With that we intend to contribute to the growing literature on critical perspectives about training and working in health. Resumo Trata se de um artigo crítico e reflexivo que pretende discutir algumas das incoerências e incompatibilidades estruturais do modelo proposto para a formação e atenção em saúde denominado Educação Interprofissional e Prática Colaborativa (EIPC), no contexto de racionalidade neoliberal dos países latino-americanos. Destaca-se que este modelo pode contestar tal racionalidade, sendo relevante para a instauração de subjetividades profissionais críticas e éticas com seu contexto. Desta maneira, pretende-se contribuir com a crescente literatura sobre perspectivas críticas sobre a formação e o trabalho em saúde.

Elements of interprofessional education in the curriculum of multiprofessional residency programs in health: a documentary study

Vie, 03/11/2023 - 05:27
ABSTRACT Objective: to examine the interprofessional education elements present in the integrated curricula of the Multiprofessional Residency Programs in Health in the cities from inland Rio Grande do Norte. Method: a documentary research study based on the analysis of three Pedagogical Course Projects with a quantitative approach. The data were extracted with the aid of an adapted instrument, processed in the Iramuteq software, presented in charts and in a dendrogram and analyzed by thematic categories and interpretively. Results: the text corpus was built from the organization of all the information through the adapted instrument and subsequently analyzed in Iramuteq through Descending Hierarchical Classification. The emergence of two main classes was identified: Class 3, which was subdivided into classes 1 and 2; and Class 4. From the keywords found in the dendrogram corresponding to each Class and their statistical similarity, it was possible to organize the classes into analysis categories, as follows: Class 3 - Interprofessional Education: Actors, contexts and strategies; and Class 4 - Methodological and evaluative strategies for building interprofessional competencies and skills. Through the Pedagogical Course Projects, a training process that values the development of competencies for teamwork, interprofessional and comprehensive care is indicated, based on the guiding principles of interprofessional education. Conclusion: there is an effort by the pedagogical projects to point to an integrated curriculum based on Interprofessional Education since, in their theoretical framework, they contribute fundamental principles for developing the teaching-learning process. RESUMEN Objetivo: examinar los elementos de la educación interprofesional presentes en los planes de estudios integrados de los Programas de Residencia Multiprofesionales en Salud en las ciudades del interior do Rio Grande do Norte. Método: investigación documental a partir del análisis de tres Proyectos Pedagógicos de Carreras Universitarias con enfoque cuantitativo. Los datos se extrajeron con la ayuda de un instrumento adaptado, se los procesó en el programa de software Iramuteq, se presentaron en forma de cuadros y de dendrograma y se los analizó por categorías temáticas y en forma interpretativa. Resultados: el corpus de texto se elaboró a partir de organizar toda la información en el instrumento adaptado e, inmediatamente después, se lo analizó en Iramuteq por medio de Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente. Se identificaron dos clases principales: a Clase 3, que se subdividió en las clases 1 y 2; y Clase 4. A partir de las palabras clave presentes en el dendrograma de cada Clase y su similitud estadística, fue posible organizar las clases en categorías de análisis, a saber: Clase 3 - Educación interprofesional: Actores, contextos y estrategias; y Clase 4 - Estrategias metodológicas y evaluativas para desarrollar competencias y habilidades interprofesionales. A través de los Proyectos Pedagógicos de Carreras Universitarias, se señala un proceso formativo que valoriza el desarrollo de competencias para trabajo en equipo, interprofesional y cuidado integral, a partir de principios guía de la educación interprofesional. Conclusión: los proyectos pedagógicos se esfuerzan por indicar el camino a un plan de estudios integrado y fundamentado en la Educación Interprofesional, puesto que incluyen principios fundamentales para desarrollar el proceso de en enseñanza-aprendizaje en su marco teórico. RESUMO Objetivo: examinar os elementos da educação interprofissional presentes nos currículos integrados das Residências Multiprofissionais em Saúde nas cidades do interior do Rio Grande do Norte. Método: pesquisa documental a partir da análise de três Projetos Pedagógicos de Curso com abordagem quantitativa. Os dados foram coletados de novembro de 2022 a janeiro de 2023 e extraídos com auxílio de um instrumento adaptado, processados no software Iramuteq, apresentados em quadros, dendograma e analisados por categorias temáticas e interpretativamente. Resultados: o corpus textual foi construído a partir da organização das informações através do instrumento adaptado e, logo após, analisado no Iramuteq por meio de Classificação Hierárquica Descendente. Identificou-se o surgimento de duas classes principais: a Classe 3, que se subdividiu em classe 1 e 2; e a Classe 4. A partir das palavras-chaves presentes no dendrograma de cada Classe e sua similaridade estatística, foi possível organizar as classes em categorias de análises, sendo: Classe 3 - Educação interprofissional: Atores, contextos e estratégias; e Classe 4 - Estratégias metodológicas e avaliativas para a construção de competências e habilidades interprofissionais. Indica-se, através dos Projetos Pedagógicos de Curso, um processo formativo que valoriza a construção de competências para um trabalho em equipe, interprofissional e cuidado integral, a partir de princípios norteadores da educação interprofissional. Conclusão: há um esforço dos projetos pedagógicos em apontar para um currículo integrado fundamentado em Educação Interprofissional, visto que trazem, em seu arcabouço teórico, princípios fundamentais para o desenvolvimento do processo ensino-aprendizagem.

Evaluation of an interprofessional education intervention in partnership with patient educators.

Mié, 25/10/2023 - 12:13
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Patient involvement in interprofessional education is a novel approach to building collaborative and empathic skills in students. However, this area of teaching is lacking in rigorous studies. The project aimed to evaluate whether an interprofessional education intervention in partnership with patient educators (IPE-PE) would increase readiness for interprofessional learning and empathy in health sciences students. METHODS: This is the report of a didactic innovation project. Participants included 310 undergraduate health sciences students who took part in an IPE-PE intervention. Data were collected before and after the training, using the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) and the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Professions Student version (JSE-HPS). Only at the end of the intervention, a data collection form was administered to explore the value of the patient educator in the training and to investigate the socio-demographic variables. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 21±3.2 SD years and 76% were female. A paired t-test showed significant changes from before to after the IPE-PE in the mean total RIPLS score (42.7±5.8 SD vs 44.62±5.9 SD, P<0.001) and the mean total JSE-HPS score (112.7±12.5 SD vs 116.03±12.8 SD, P<0.001).            Conclusions: Our students reported that IPE-PE had helped them to become more effective healthcare team members, to think positively about other professionals, and to gain empathic understanding of the perspective of the person being cared for. The results of the project confirm that the intervention promoted the development of empathy, fostering a better understanding of the patient-centred perspective.