Webinar: Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional

Noticias OBSV-Caribe - Sat, 30/05/2020 - 06:32

Únase a nosotros el jueves 25 de junio de 2020 en el webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

Acceso: https://bit.ly/3dbCOJv

Únase a nosotros al webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

  • FECHA: jueves 25 de mayo de 2020
  • HORA: 3:00 PM (hora de Brasil)

El webinar forma parte de las actividades de la prueba piloto del curso de formación de profesores para la Educación Interprofesional desarrollado en el Campus Virtual de Salud Pública de la OPS/OMS.

Coordinación

José Rodrigues Freire Filho, Marcelo Viana da Costa e Iván Chavez

Correspondencia de tiempo
  • 12:00 pm - San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa
  • 1:00 pm - Ciudad de México, Bogotá, Kingston, Lima, Quito
  • 2:00 pm - Brigdetown, La Paz, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo
  • 3:00 pm - Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Montevideo

 

Webinar: Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional

Noticias OBSV-Regional - Sat, 30/05/2020 - 06:32

Únase a nosotros el jueves 25 de junio de 2020 en el webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

Acceso: https://bit.ly/3dbCOJv

Únase a nosotros al webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

  • FECHA: jueves 25 de mayo de 2020
  • HORA: 3:00 PM (hora de Brasil)

El webinar forma parte de las actividades de la prueba piloto del curso de formación de profesores para la Educación Interprofesional desarrollado en el Campus Virtual de Salud Pública de la OPS/OMS.

Coordinación

José Rodrigues Freire Filho, Marcelo Viana da Costa e Iván Chavez

Correspondencia de tiempo
  • 12:00 pm - San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa
  • 1:00 pm - Ciudad de México, Bogotá, Kingston, Lima, Quito
  • 2:00 pm - Brigdetown, La Paz, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo
  • 3:00 pm - Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Montevideo

 

Webinar: Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional

Noticias OBSV-Centroamérica - Sat, 30/05/2020 - 06:32

Únase a nosotros el jueves 25 de junio de 2020 en el webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

Acceso: https://bit.ly/3dbCOJv

Únase a nosotros al webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

  • FECHA: jueves 25 de mayo de 2020
  • HORA: 3:00 PM (hora de Brasil)

El webinar forma parte de las actividades de la prueba piloto del curso de formación de profesores para la Educación Interprofesional desarrollado en el Campus Virtual de Salud Pública de la OPS/OMS.

Coordinación

José Rodrigues Freire Filho, Marcelo Viana da Costa e Iván Chavez

Correspondencia de tiempo
  • 12:00 pm - San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa
  • 1:00 pm - Ciudad de México, Bogotá, Kingston, Lima, Quito
  • 2:00 pm - Brigdetown, La Paz, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo
  • 3:00 pm - Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Montevideo

 

Webinar: Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional

Noticias OBSV-Andino - Sat, 30/05/2020 - 06:32

Únase a nosotros el jueves 25 de junio de 2020 en el webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

Acceso: https://bit.ly/3dbCOJv

Únase a nosotros al webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

  • FECHA: jueves 25 de mayo de 2020
  • HORA: 3:00 PM (hora de Brasil)

El webinar forma parte de las actividades de la prueba piloto del curso de formación de profesores para la Educación Interprofesional desarrollado en el Campus Virtual de Salud Pública de la OPS/OMS.

Coordinación

José Rodrigues Freire Filho, Marcelo Viana da Costa e Iván Chavez

Correspondencia de tiempo
  • 12:00 pm - San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa
  • 1:00 pm - Ciudad de México, Bogotá, Kingston, Lima, Quito
  • 2:00 pm - Brigdetown, La Paz, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo
  • 3:00 pm - Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Montevideo

 

Webinar: Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional

Noticias OBSV-CONO SUR - Sat, 30/05/2020 - 06:32

Únase a nosotros el jueves 25 de junio de 2020 en el webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

Acceso: https://bit.ly/3dbCOJv

Únase a nosotros al webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

  • FECHA: jueves 25 de mayo de 2020
  • HORA: 3:00 PM (hora de Brasil)

El webinar forma parte de las actividades de la prueba piloto del curso de formación de profesores para la Educación Interprofesional desarrollado en el Campus Virtual de Salud Pública de la OPS/OMS.

Coordinación

José Rodrigues Freire Filho, Marcelo Viana da Costa e Iván Chavez

Correspondencia de tiempo
  • 12:00 pm - San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa
  • 1:00 pm - Ciudad de México, Bogotá, Kingston, Lima, Quito
  • 2:00 pm - Brigdetown, La Paz, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo
  • 3:00 pm - Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Montevideo

 

Webinar: Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional

Noticias - Uruguay - Sat, 30/05/2020 - 06:32

Únase a nosotros el jueves 25 de junio de 2020 en el webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

Acceso: https://bit.ly/3dbCOJv

Únase a nosotros al webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

  • FECHA: jueves 25 de mayo de 2020
  • HORA: 3:00 PM (hora de Brasil)

El webinar forma parte de las actividades de la prueba piloto del curso de formación de profesores para la Educación Interprofesional desarrollado en el Campus Virtual de Salud Pública de la OPS/OMS.

Coordinación

José Rodrigues Freire Filho, Marcelo Viana da Costa e Iván Chavez

Correspondencia de tiempo
  • 12:00 pm - San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa
  • 1:00 pm - Ciudad de México, Bogotá, Kingston, Lima, Quito
  • 2:00 pm - Brigdetown, La Paz, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo
  • 3:00 pm - Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Montevideo

 

Webinar: Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional

Noticias - República Dominicana - Sat, 30/05/2020 - 06:32

Únase a nosotros el jueves 25 de junio de 2020 en el webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

Acceso: https://bit.ly/3dbCOJv

Únase a nosotros al webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

  • FECHA: jueves 25 de mayo de 2020
  • HORA: 3:00 PM (hora de Brasil)

El webinar forma parte de las actividades de la prueba piloto del curso de formación de profesores para la Educación Interprofesional desarrollado en el Campus Virtual de Salud Pública de la OPS/OMS.

Coordinación

José Rodrigues Freire Filho, Marcelo Viana da Costa e Iván Chavez

Correspondencia de tiempo
  • 12:00 pm - San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa
  • 1:00 pm - Ciudad de México, Bogotá, Kingston, Lima, Quito
  • 2:00 pm - Brigdetown, La Paz, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo
  • 3:00 pm - Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Montevideo

 

Webinar: Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional

Noticias - Panamá - Sat, 30/05/2020 - 06:32

Únase a nosotros el jueves 25 de junio de 2020 en el webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

Acceso: https://bit.ly/3dbCOJv

Únase a nosotros al webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

  • FECHA: jueves 25 de mayo de 2020
  • HORA: 3:00 PM (hora de Brasil)

El webinar forma parte de las actividades de la prueba piloto del curso de formación de profesores para la Educación Interprofesional desarrollado en el Campus Virtual de Salud Pública de la OPS/OMS.

Coordinación

José Rodrigues Freire Filho, Marcelo Viana da Costa e Iván Chavez

Correspondencia de tiempo
  • 12:00 pm - San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa
  • 1:00 pm - Ciudad de México, Bogotá, Kingston, Lima, Quito
  • 2:00 pm - Brigdetown, La Paz, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo
  • 3:00 pm - Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Montevideo

 

Webinar: Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional

Noticias - Nicaragua - Sat, 30/05/2020 - 06:32

Únase a nosotros el jueves 25 de junio de 2020 en el webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

Acceso: https://bit.ly/3dbCOJv

Únase a nosotros al webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

  • FECHA: jueves 25 de mayo de 2020
  • HORA: 3:00 PM (hora de Brasil)

El webinar forma parte de las actividades de la prueba piloto del curso de formación de profesores para la Educación Interprofesional desarrollado en el Campus Virtual de Salud Pública de la OPS/OMS.

Coordinación

José Rodrigues Freire Filho, Marcelo Viana da Costa e Iván Chavez

Correspondencia de tiempo
  • 12:00 pm - San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa
  • 1:00 pm - Ciudad de México, Bogotá, Kingston, Lima, Quito
  • 2:00 pm - Brigdetown, La Paz, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo
  • 3:00 pm - Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Montevideo

 

Webinar: Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional

Noticias - Honduras - Sat, 30/05/2020 - 06:32

Únase a nosotros el jueves 25 de junio de 2020 en el webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

Acceso: https://bit.ly/3dbCOJv

Únase a nosotros al webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

  • FECHA: jueves 25 de mayo de 2020
  • HORA: 3:00 PM (hora de Brasil)

El webinar forma parte de las actividades de la prueba piloto del curso de formación de profesores para la Educación Interprofesional desarrollado en el Campus Virtual de Salud Pública de la OPS/OMS.

Coordinación

José Rodrigues Freire Filho, Marcelo Viana da Costa e Iván Chavez

Correspondencia de tiempo
  • 12:00 pm - San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa
  • 1:00 pm - Ciudad de México, Bogotá, Kingston, Lima, Quito
  • 2:00 pm - Brigdetown, La Paz, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo
  • 3:00 pm - Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Montevideo

 

Webinar: Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional

Noticias - Guatemala - Sat, 30/05/2020 - 06:32

Únase a nosotros el jueves 25 de junio de 2020 en el webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

Acceso: https://bit.ly/3dbCOJv

Únase a nosotros al webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

  • FECHA: jueves 25 de mayo de 2020
  • HORA: 3:00 PM (hora de Brasil)

El webinar forma parte de las actividades de la prueba piloto del curso de formación de profesores para la Educación Interprofesional desarrollado en el Campus Virtual de Salud Pública de la OPS/OMS.

Coordinación

José Rodrigues Freire Filho, Marcelo Viana da Costa e Iván Chavez

Correspondencia de tiempo
  • 12:00 pm - San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa
  • 1:00 pm - Ciudad de México, Bogotá, Kingston, Lima, Quito
  • 2:00 pm - Brigdetown, La Paz, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo
  • 3:00 pm - Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Montevideo

 

Webinar: Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional

Noticias - Belice - Sat, 30/05/2020 - 06:32

Únase a nosotros el jueves 25 de junio de 2020 en el webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

Acceso: https://bit.ly/3dbCOJv

Únase a nosotros al webinar titulado: "Formación de profesores para la educación interprofesional”.

  • FECHA: jueves 25 de mayo de 2020
  • HORA: 3:00 PM (hora de Brasil)

El webinar forma parte de las actividades de la prueba piloto del curso de formación de profesores para la Educación Interprofesional desarrollado en el Campus Virtual de Salud Pública de la OPS/OMS.

Coordinación

José Rodrigues Freire Filho, Marcelo Viana da Costa e Iván Chavez

Correspondencia de tiempo
  • 12:00 pm - San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa
  • 1:00 pm - Ciudad de México, Bogotá, Kingston, Lima, Quito
  • 2:00 pm - Brigdetown, La Paz, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo
  • 3:00 pm - Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Montevideo

 

Beyond coverage: a qualitative study exploring the perceived impact of Gabon’s health insurance plan on access to and quality of prenatal care

Abstract Background

Access to affordable and adequate healthcare in a health system determines the universal health coverage achievement for all residents in a country. Achieving access to healthcare requires the availability of a financing system that ensures access to and provision of adequate care, regardless of the ability to pay. In sub-Saharan Africa, accessibility, use and coverage of prenatal visits are very low and poor, which reduces the quality of care. This paper explored the impact of a social health insurance scheme on the quality of antenatal care in Gabon.

Methods

This qualitative study involved the analysis of data collected from semi-structured interviews and non-participant observations to assess the quality of antenatal care. The study elicited perceptions on the demand side (pregnant women) and the supply side (health professionals) in health facilities. Fifteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with pregnant women (aged between 15 and 49) and 5 with health professionals, who each had a seniority of at least 10 years, at different levels of care. Nine non-participant observations were also conducted. Coded transcripts were reviewed and analyzed using the Canadian Institute for Public Administration of Citizen-Centered Services model as an analytical guide.

Results

On the demand side, women were generally satisfied with the prenatal services they receive in health facilities. However, complaints were made about the rudeness of some nurses, the high price of the delivery kit (50,000 XAF), and the fact that some essential medicines for maternity are not covered. On the supply side, participants agreed that compulsory health insurance is important in providing antenatal care access to those who need it the most. However, some problems remain. The participants outlined some logistical problems and a lack of medical equipment, including the stock of drugs, disinfectants, and the absence of clean water.

Conclusion

Understanding the perceptions of pregnant women and health professionals regarding the quality of antenatal care can help to inform refinements to methods through which the services can be better provided. In addition, the study findings are vital to increasing the use of care, as well as combating high maternal mortality rates. Compulsory health insurance has improved the accessibility and utilization of healthcare services and has contributed to improved quality of care.

Categories: Investigaciones

Gender inequality in the health workforce in the midst of achieving universal health coverage in Mexico

Abstract Background

The third Sustainable Development Goal aims to ensure healthy lives and to promote well-being for all at all ages. The health system plays a key role in achieving these goals and must have sufficient human resources in order to provide care to the population according to their needs and expectations.

Methods

This paper explores the issues of unemployment, underemployment, and labor wastage in physicians and nurses in Mexico, all of which serve as barriers to achieving universal health coverage. We conducted a descriptive, observational, and longitudinal study to analyze the rates of employment, underemployment, unemployment, and labor wastage during the period 2005–2017 by gender. We used data from the National Occupation and Employment Survey. Calculating the average annual rates (AAR) for the period, we describe trends of the calculated rates. In addition, for 2017, we calculated health workforce densities for each of the 32 Mexican states and estimated the gaps with respect to the threshold of 4.45 health workers per 1000 inhabitants, as proposed in the Global Strategy on Human Resources for Health.

Results

The AAR of employed female physicians was lower than men, and the AARs of qualitative underemployment, unemployment, and labor wastage for female physicians are higher than those of men. Female nurses, however, had a higher AAR in employment than male nurses and a lower AAR of qualitative underemployment and unemployment rates. Both female physicians and nurses showed a higher AAR in labor wastage rates than men. The density of health workers per 1000 inhabitants employed in the health sector was 4.20, and the estimated deficit of workers needed to match the threshold proposed in the Global Strategy is 70 161 workers distributed among the 16 states that do not reach the threshold.

Conclusions

We provide evidence of the existence of gender gaps among physicians and nurses in the labor market with evident disadvantages for female physicians, particularly in labor wastage. In addition, our results suggest that the lack of physicians and nurses working in the health sector contributes to the inability to reach the health worker density threshold proposed by the Global Strategy.

Categories: Investigaciones

Reimagining the role of the nursing workforce in Uganda after more than a decade of ART scale-up

Abstract Background

The expanding roles and increasing importance of the nursing workforce in health services delivery in resource-limited settings is not adequately documented and sufficiently recognized in the current literature. Drawing upon the theme of 2020 as the International Year of the Nurse and the Midwife, we set out to describe how the role of nurses expanded tremendously in health facilities in Uganda during the era of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) scale-up that commenced in June 2004.

Methods

We employed a mixed-methods sequential explanatory research design. Phase I entailed a cross-sectional health facility survey (n = 195) to assess the extent to which human resource management strategies (such as task shifting) were common. Phase II entailed a qualitative multiple case study of 16 (of the 195) health facilities for an in-depth understanding of the strategies adopted (e.g. nurse-centred HIV care). Descriptive analyses were performed in STATA (v 13) while qualitative data were analysed by thematic approach.

Results

We found that nurses were the most represented cadre of health workers involved in the overall leadership of HIV clinics across Uganda. Most nurse-led HIV clinics were based in rural settings; however, this trend was fairly even across setting (rural/urban/peri-urban). While 181 (93%) health facilities allowed non-physician cadre to prescribe ART, a number of health facilities (n = 36) or 18% deliberately adopted nurse-led HIV care models. Nurses were empowered to be multi-skilled with a wide range of competencies across the HIV care continuum right from HIV testing to mainstream clinical HIV disease management. In several facilities, nursing cadre were the backbone of ART service delivery. A select number of facilities devised differentiated models of task shifting from physicians to nurses in which the latter handled patients who were stable on ART.

Conclusion

Overall, our study reveals a wide expansion in the scope-of-practice of nurses during ART scale-up in Uganda. Nurses were thrust in roles of HIV disease management that were traditionally the preserve of physicians. Our study underscores the importance of reforming regulatory frameworks governing nursing workforce scope of practice such as the need for developing a policy on task shifting which is currently lacking in Uganda.

Categories: Investigaciones

How is increased selectivity of medical school admissions associated with physicians’ career choice? A Japanese experience

Abstract Background

During the long-lasting economic stagnation, the popularity of medical school has dramatically increased among pre-medical students in Japan. This is primarily due to the belief that medicine is generally a recession-proof career. As a result, pre-medical students today who want to enter medical school have to pass a more rigorous entrance examination than that in the 1980s. This paper explores the association between the selectivity of medical school admissions and graduates’ later career choices.

Methods

A unique continuous measure of the selectivity of medical school admissions from 1980 to 2017, which is defined as the deviation value of medical schools, was merged with cross-sectional data of 122 990 physicians aged 35 to 55 years. The association between the deviation value of medical schools and various measures of physicians’ career choices was explored by logistic and ordinary least square regression models. Graduates from medical schools in which the deviation value was less than 55 were compared with those from more competitive medical schools, after controlling for fixed effects for the medical school attended by binary variables.

Results

From 1980 to 2017, the average deviation value increased from 58.3 to 66.3, indicating a large increase in admission selectivity. Empirical results suggest that increasing selectivity of a medical school is associated with graduates having a higher probability of choosing a career in an acute hospital as well as having a lower probability of opening their own clinic and choosing a career in primary health care. Graduating from a highly competitive medical school (i.e., deviation value of more than 65) significantly increases the probability of working at typical acute hospitals such as so-called 7:1 hospitals (OR 1.665 2, 95%CI 1.444 0–1.920 4) and decreases the probability of working at primary care facilities (OR 0.602 6, 95%CI 0.441 2–0.823 0). It is also associated with graduates having a higher probability of becoming medical board certified (OR 1.294 6, 95%CI 1.108 8–1.511 4).

Conclusion

Overall, this paper concludes that increased selectivity of medical school admissions predicts a higher quality of physicians in their own specialty, but at the same time, it is associated with a lower supply of physicians who go into primary care.

Categories: Investigaciones

Redressing the gender imbalance: a qualitative analysis of recruitment and retention in Mozambique’s community health workforce

Abstract Background

Mozambique’s community health programme has a disproportionate number of male community health workers (known as Agentes Polivalentes Elementares (APEs)). The Government of Mozambique is aiming to increase the proportion of females to constitute 60% to improve maternal and child health outcomes. To understand the imbalance, this study explored the current recruitment processes for APEs and how these are shaped by gender norms, roles and relations, as well as how they influence the experience and retention of APEs in Maputo Province, Mozambique.

Methods

We employed qualitative methods with APEs, APE supervisors, community leaders and a government official in two districts within Maputo Province. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and translated. A coding framework was developed in accordance with thematic analysis to synthesise the findings.

Findings

In-depth interviews (n = 30), key informant interviews (n = 1) and focus group discussions (n = 3) captured experiences and perceptions of employment processes. Intra-household decision-making structures mean women may experience additional barriers to join the APE programme, often requiring their husband’s consent. Training programmes outside of the community were viewed positively as an opportunity to build a cohort. However, women reported difficulty leaving family responsibilities behind, and men reported challenges in providing for their families during training as other income-generating opportunities were not available to them. These dynamics were particularly acute in the case of single mothers, serving both a provider and primary carer role. Differences in attrition by gender were reported: women are likely to leave the programme when they marry, whereas men tend to leave when offered another job with a higher salary. Age and geographic location were also important intersecting factors: younger male and female APEs seek employment opportunities in neighbouring South Africa, whereas older APEs are more content to remain.

Conclusion

Gender norms, roles and power dynamics intersect with other axes of inequity such as marital status, age and geographic location to impact recruitment and retention of APEs in Maputo Province, Mozambique. Responsive policies to support gender equity within APE recruitment processes are required to support and retain a gender-equitable APE cadre.

Categories: Investigaciones

Medical schools in India: pattern of establishment and impact on public health - a Geographic Information System (GIS) based exploratory study

Abstract Background

Indian medical education system is on the brink of a massive reform. The government of India has recently passed the National Medical Commission Bill (NMC Bill). It seeks to eliminate the existing shortage and maldistribution of health professionals in India. It also encourages establishment of medical schools in underserved areas. Hence this study explores the geographic distribution of medical schools in India to identify such under and over served areas. Special emphasis has been given to the mapping of new medical schools opened in the last decade to identify the ongoing pattern of expansion of medical education sector in India.

Methods

All medical schools retrieved from the online database of Medical Council of India were plotted on the map of India using geographic information system. Their pattern of establishment was identified. Medical school density was calculated to analyse the effect of medical school distribution on health care indicators.

Results

Presence of medical schools had a positive influence on the public health profile. But medical schools were not evenly distributed in the country. The national average medical school density in India amounted to 4.08 per 10 million population. Medical school density of provinces revealed a wide range from 0 (Nagaland, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu and Lakshadweep) to 72.12 (Puducherry). Medical schools were seen to be clustered in the vicinity of major cities as well as provincial capitals. Distance matrix revealed that the median distance of a new medical school from its nearest old medical school was just 22.81 Km with an IQR of 6.29 to 56.86 Km.

Conclusions

This study revealed the mal-distribution of medical schools in India. The problem is further compounded by selective opening of new medical schools within the catchment area of already established medical schools. Considering that medical schools showed a positive influence on public health, further research is needed to guide formulation of rules for medical school establishment in India.

Categories: Investigaciones

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